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PCOS Acne Symptom And Treatment

picture PCOS acne symptom and treatment
PCOS acne symptom and treatment

Acne usually appears in adolescence and gradually recovers in late adolescence. But some people still struggle to treat acne into adulthood. 

If you keep struggling with acne even though you already enter adulthood, this could be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS symptoms.

PCOS Acne Symptom And Treatment

What is PCOS

Have you heard about PCOS? You may often hear about these terms but don't know what PCOS is.
PCOS is the abbreviation of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a complex hormonal and reproductive disorder. 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common health problem affecting women worldwide, especially for women during their reproductive age.

Women with PCOS have too high androgen hormone production, which leads to infertility because of fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries.

Due to this, the follicles fail to grow and develop, which causes them to accumulate in the ovaries and fail to release the egg cells regularly. 

When the body has too high androgens hormones, it can increase the risk of inflammation either inside or outside the body. This condition causes the body to be susceptible to high blood pressure, diabetes, and cystic acne.

PCOS Causes

The exact causes of PCOS are still unknown to this date. However, according to the study, some factors could be related to PCOS:
  • Genetic factor. Much research shows that people with PCOS often relate to the history of family members who also suffer from PCOS.
  • Excessive insulin hormone. Insulin hormones work to lower blood sugar levels. Still, the excessive level of this hormone will increase the androgen hormone level and, at the same time, decreases the body's sensitivity to insulin. 
  • Bad lifestyle habits. Another study also found that bad lifestyle habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and eating too much fatty and salty foods or sweets can increase the chance of getting PCOS.

Symptoms of PCOS

The most common symptoms of PCOS are:
  • Disrupting the menstrual cycle, such as infrequent or no menstruation
  • Breakout around jawline area with big cystic acne known as hormonal acne.
  • Darkening skin color in a certain areas such as under the breast, neck folds, and groin.
  • Mustache growth.
  • Baldness
  • Cystic acne around jawline areas
The diagnosis of PCOS requires a physical examination, anamnesis, and supporting studies, especially an ultrasound conducted by an obstetrician.

PCOS Prevention

PCOS is difficult to prevent, but that doesn't mean you can't prevent this abnormality! Maintaining your ideal body weight will greatly reduce the symptoms of PCOS and the risk of complications that can cause by PCOS. Here are ways you can do to maintain your ideal body weight:
  • Exercise regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Stop drinking alcohol
  • Avoid high-fatty, salty, and sweet foods
  • Avoid Junk food and fried foods
  • Eat more fruits and Vegetables
  • Avoid sleeping late at night


PCOS Acne, also known as hormonal acne, is not easy to treat. According to the information from Ob-gyn Felice Gersh, reported by the Women's Health page, women with PCOS experience three triggers that lead to cystic acne. These three things are:
  • Deficiency of estradiol (a form of estrogen). 
  • Systemic inflammation
  • High androgen levels
Estradiol is responsible for fatty acid production, which this fatty acid works to protect the skin from acne-causing pathogens and from irritants. 

Estradiol also helps the skin healing process. People who lack estradiol are easier to get stubborn cystic acne.

Women who suffer from PCOS acne also need to treat their hormonal imbalance as the first step.  Consult gynecology, and getting your hormone under control will help to get rid of your PCOS acne naturally.

For your information, any acne treatment won't work to get rid of PCOS acne unless you working on treating the root of the acne problem.

PCOS acne treatment

The common treatment to treat PCOS acne is implementing a healthy lifestyle. Besides that, you can treat your PCOS acne or hormonal acne by using retinoids, such as tretinoin, adapalene, or isotretinoin. 

Always consult with a dermatologist before you start using any of them. Want to know more about PCOS acne or hormonal acne? Please click here.

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