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Toothache during pregnancy: This is the cause!

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toothache during pregnancy

Toothache during pregnancy: This is the cause!

Apart from dizziness and vomiting, pregnant women also sometimes experience toothache. However, what causes toothache during pregnancy, and how can you anticipate it? Want to know? Read the explanation here!

Toothache During Pregnancy

Pregnancy can bring both happiness and discomfort for mothers, including nausea, fatigue, vomiting, back pain, and toothache. Read also early pregnancy symptoms you need to know here.

Toothache during pregnancy can be caused by various things, ranging from inflammation of the gums, cavities, or hormonal changes. 

Tooth or gum pain due to hormonal changes is generally not dangerous. However, if toothache is caused by infection or inflammation of the gums, this can affect the fetus's condition.

Several studies show that pregnant women whose dental and oral health conditions are not maintained are more at risk of giving birth prematurely or giving birth to babies with low birth weight.

Causes of Toothache During Pregnancy

The following are various things that can cause toothache during pregnancy:

1. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can cause the immune system to be compromised, making pregnant women more susceptible to infections, including bacterial infections that cause tooth and gum disease.

These hormonal changes can also make pregnant women more at risk of experiencing inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). 

Toothache during pregnancy due to gingivitis can cause complaints of swollen gums and bleeding easily, especially when pregnant women brush their teeth.

Another risk is the appearance of a lump in the gums called epulis gravidarum. This condition is not dangerous but can cause discomfort, even difficulty when talking or eating.

To prevent the occurrence of the various conditions above, pregnant women are advised to brush their teeth at least twice a day diligently and use dental floss and mouthwash every time they finish brushing their teeth.

2. Vomit

Pregnancy hormones can weaken the muscle valves in the esophagus and stomach, so pregnant women can vomit more often. 

When vomiting, stomach contents in the form of a mixture of stomach acid and food and drink can come into contact with the teeth and gums.

This can damage pregnant women's tooth enamel and increase the risk of cavities. So, pregnant women are advised to rinse their mouths with water after vomiting, followed by brushing their teeth.

3. Calcium deficiency

Calcium deficiency can occur due to an unhealthy diet or because pregnant women experience severe morning sickness. 

Lack of calcium intake risks causing problems with pregnant women's bones and teeth and disrupting the formation of fetal bone and tooth tissue.

To prevent this, pregnant women need to have sufficient calcium intake. Calcium can be obtained from consuming foods high in calcium, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, anchovies, tofu, tempeh, or nuts.


Treatment and dental care during pregnancy are generally safe, but starting from the second trimester is best. 

The reason is that the first trimester of pregnancy is a very important time for fetal growth and development, so it is feared that treatment could interfere with this.

To ensure safe treatment of toothache during pregnancy, pregnant women should consult a dentist or obstetrician to determine appropriate medication.

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