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What is Vitamin B5 And Its Side Effects? Benefits, Sources, and More

images what is vitamin b5
what is vitamin b5

What is Vitamin B5 And Its Side Effects? Benefits, Sources, and More


Vitamin B5, or pantothenic acid, is one of the eight essentials of vitamin B for optimal health.

It plays a vital role in various bodily functions, such as converting food into energy, synthesizing cholesterol, and producing red blood cells.

The body cannot produce this vitamin independently, so it must be obtained from dietary sources. This article will explore everything you need about Vitamin B5, including its benefits, sources, and more.

What is Vitamin B5?

Vitamin B5, known as pantothenic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that breaks down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

It is a part of coenzyme A, which is necessary for various chemical reactions in the body. This vitamin is involved in the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates and plays a crucial role in energy production.

Benefits of Vitamin B5

1. Promotes healthy skin

Vitamin B5 promotes healthy skin by reducing acne, keeping the skin hydrated, and preventing premature aging.

2. Boosts immunity

Vitamin B5 helps in the production of white blood cells that are responsible for fighting infections and diseases.

3. Improves digestion

Vitamin B5 plays a vital role in the production of digestive enzymes, which aid in the digestion of food.

4. Reduces stress and anxiety

Vitamin B5 helps produce stress hormones, which can help reduce stress and anxiety levels.

5. Promotes heart health

Vitamin B5 helps reduce harmful cholesterol levels in the blood, promoting heart health.

 Sources of Vitamin B5

The following are some of the best food sources of Vitamin B5:
  • Whole grains - such as brown rice, flaxseed, quinoa, chia seed
  • Meat - such as beef, turkey, pork, and internal organ, especially liver and kidney
  • Fish - such as trout, mackerel, salmon, tuna
  • Poultry - such as eggs
  • Dairy products - such as milk, cheese, butter, yogurt
  • Legumes - such as  lentils, mung beans, green beans, peanuts, soybeans
  • Fruits - such as Avocado, kiwi, pomegranate, bananas, oranges, dates, watermelon
  • Mushrooms

Daily recommended intake

The daily recommended intake of Vitamin B5 varies based on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for Vitamin B5:
  • Infants (0-6 months): 1.7 mg/day
  • Infants (7-12 months): 1.8 mg/day
  • Children (1-3 years): 2 mg/day
  • Children (4-8 years): 3 mg/day
  • Men and women (9-50 years): 5 mg/day
  • Pregnant women: 6 mg/day
  • Breastfeeding women: 7 mg/day

Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs

Q: Can Vitamin B5 prevent hair loss?

A: Yes, Vitamin B5 plays a vital role in promoting hair growth and preventing hair loss.

Q: Is it possible to overdose on Vitamin B5?

A: It is rare to overdose on Vitamin B5 as the body excretes excess amounts of this vitamin through urine.

Q: Can Vitamin B5 improve athletic performance?

A: Some studies suggest that Vitamin B5 can improve athletic performance by reducing fatigue and improving endurance.

How to Use Vitamin B5 Properly

Vitamin and mineral supplements are consumed to meet the body's need for vitamins and minerals, especially when food intake is insufficient. 

Remember that supplements only complement nutritional intake, not as a substitute for nutrition from food.
  • Use vitamin B5 supplements according to the information on the packaging. If necessary, discuss with your doctor the correct dosage according to your condition.
  • Giving vitamin B5 supplements in injection form will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. This injectable form of vitamin B5 will be injected into a vein.
  • B5 supplements in tablet, caplet, and capsule form should be taken while eating. This supplement should be consumed in its entirety. Do not split, chew, or grind the supplement, which may affect its effectiveness.
  • Vitamin B5 supplements in the form of syrup need to be shaken before consumption. Use the measuring spoon available on the supplement packaging so that the dosage is correct.
Sometimes people will forget whether they have already taken the drug or not. If that happens, it's better to skip, and please don't try to double the next dose.

Store vitamin B5 in tightly closed containers in a cool, dry place. Avoid hot temperatures and exposure to direct sunlight. Always Keep your supplements far from children.

Interactions of Vitamin B5 with Other Drugs

The use of vitamin B5 with other drugs can cause interactions between drugs. One of the interaction effects that can arise is a decrease in the effectiveness of vitamin B5 when used with some drug medicines.

Here are the drugs that can cause vitamin B5 lose its effectiveness: Erythromycin, Azithromycin, Roxithromycin, and Clarithromycin.

In addition, be careful taking vitamin B5 supplements with royal jelly, which is also rich in vitamin B5. 

To prevent unwanted interaction effects, first consult with your doctor if you want to take vitamin B5 with certain drugs, supplements, or herbal products.

Side Effects and Dangers of Vitamin B5

If consumed according to the dosage and rules for use, vitamin B5 is generally safe and very rarely causes side effects.

However, taking excessive doses of vitamin B5 can increase the risk of stomach upset and diarrhea.


Vitamin B5 is an essential vitamin required for the proper functioning of the body. It plays a vital role in various bodily functions, such as converting food into energy, synthesizing cholesterol, and producing red blood cells.

By including food sources rich in Vitamin B5 in your diet, you can ensure that your body can meet the recommended daily intake of this vitamin.

So, make sure to include these food sources in your diet to reap the benefits of Vitamin B5 for overall health and well-being.

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