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What Is Monkeypox Disease and How To Prevent It

monkeypox pictures
monkeypox pictures

In this recent years, there are so many virus outbreaks, especially Corona Virus which greatly affected almost all countries in the world. Now coronavirus hasn't completely gone, but the world is busy with another outbreak, monkeypox diseases.

In this article, we will talk about what is monkeypox disease and how to prevent it. Please continue to read to get full information.

What Is Monkeypox Disease

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus that is categorized as orthopoxvirus. This disease is a rare disease, usually infected primates, and rodents.
The disease will be transmitted to humans through close contact or broken skin such as bites or scratches, blood, or any liquid from primates and rodents that are infected by this disease.

Monkeypox outbreak was founded first time in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the year of 1970. Many people are infected by this disease but limited to Central and West Africa.

Currently, based on the data released by WHO, this disease already spread to around 50 countries in the world, and the virus has been mutating.

The mutating virus spread widely and even can be spread through clothes or bed sheets that have been used by people who get infected by this virus.

Monkeypox Symptoms

The incubation period of this disease usually takes 4 days to 21 days. An early sign of exposure to this virus is a bit similar to flu symptoms, such as 
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches
People who were infected by this disease usually will develop rashes on their face, then the rashes will spread to other parts of their body.

Once the rashes spread to almost all over the body, they will turn into blisters that fill with pus. The blister is a small bubble on your skin filled with liquid. Eventually, the blister will harden and then fall off. Sometimes, the blisters will break out and leave scars.

Having the above symptoms doesn't mean you have contracted the virus. In fact, the monkeypox outbreak in 2022 develops an unusual pattern of symptoms.

The unusual pattern such as less fever, fewer lesions, and no accompanied swollen lymph nodes. In some cases, people have been infected without realizing the symptoms.

Prolonged close contact still has a higher chance to spread the disease even if your body doesn't show any sign of infection. 

Monkeypox Prevention

Monkeypox is easily spread from human to human from respiratory droplets, sores, scabs, and intimate activities such as intercourse, kissing, and cuddling.

Since monkeypox spread through close contact, then trying to avoid the below things will help you to minimize getting infected by this virus,

1. Wash your hand regularly

Germs, bacteria, and viruses are easily transmitted by your hand. Therefore, washing your hand regularly will help to minimize the risk of being infected by those harmful objects, including the monkeypox virus.

2. Avoid any contact with infected animals

Scratches, bites, or blood exposure from infected animals will cause your body to get infected by this disease. Eating animals that are contracted this virus will also cause the infection. Therefore, avoid all the contact at any cost.

3. Avoid any contact with people who may get infected with monkeypox

Once again, this disease is highly contagious, therefore, avoiding any contact with the people who contracted the virus will help the virus to stop spreading.

4. Don't use the same bed or clothes that are already contaminated by the virus.

Using the same bed, clothes, or towel that is contaminated by the virus will increase your chance of getting the infection.

Based on the latest research, the latest mutation of the virus make it possible to spread through the materials that have been exposed to the virus.

5. Always wear your face mask especially in the public area

Wearing your face mask will minimize your chance to get infected by any virus, including monkeypox. Always change your face mask regularly to prevent the bacteria growth under your mask.

6. Cook your meat very well

If you want to eat steak or any meat-based dishes, please remember to cook them very well. Cooking the meat in the medium-rare will is not advisable, since the virus can be transmitted through the blood.

7. Eat more nutritious food

Eating nutritious foods will help your body to develop a better immune system. Vegetables and fruits contain an abundant amount of antioxidants, vitamin, and minerals, which is essential to strengthening your immune system.

Besides that, eating more fish than is high in omega-3 is another sidekick to boost your immune system. Salmon, Sardines, Mackarel, and Capelin is the biggest source of omega-3. A better immune system means better protection to fight any harmful viruses, including the monkeypox virus.

8. Monkeypox vaccine

Getting the vaccine for your body will reduce your chance to get infected by this virus. Research said that the smallpox vaccine is proven to be effective in preventing the monkeypox virus as well. 

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